Protection from Retaliation
In terms of Title IX, the 2013 Dear Colleague Letter written by the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) states:
"The Federal civil rights laws make it unlawful to retaliate against an individual for the purpose of interfering with any right or privilege secured by these laws. If, for example, an individual brings concerns about possible civil rights problems to a school’s attention, it is unlawful for the school to retaliate against that individual for doing so. It is also unlawful to retaliate against an individual because he or she made a complaint, testified, or participated in any manner in an OCR investigation or proceeding. Thus, once a student, parent, teacher, coach, or other individual complains formally or informally to a school about a potential civil rights violation or participates in an OCR investigation or proceeding, the recipient is prohibited from retaliating (including intimidating, threatening, coercing, or in any way discriminating against the individual) because of the individual’s complaint or participation. OCR will continue to vigorously enforce this prohibition against retaliation." Read more here.
The Government Accountability Project (G.A.P.) outlines legal remedies for faculty to challenge whistleblower retaliation at private academic institutions. Read more here.